Bunions are bony deformities that form at the base of the big toe joint. A bunion occurs when the big toe leans toward the second toe, causing the base of the bone to stick out.

What are the key Characteristics of Bunions?

  • Bony Bump: The most noticeable feature of a bunion is the bony prominence or bump on the inner side of the foot, at the base of the big toe.
  • Toe Alignment: The big toe may lean towards or even overlap with the second toe, causing a deviation in toe alignment.
  • Inflammation and Pain: The bunion may become red, swollen, and painful, especially when wearing shoes or engaging in activities that put pressure on the affected area.
  • Limited Joint Mobility: As the bunion progresses, the range of motion at the big toe joint may be affected, making it challenging to move the toe normally.

What are the causes of Bunions?

  • Genetics: A predisposition to developing bunions may be inherited from family members.
  • Footwear: Wearing tight, narrow, or high-heeled shoes can contribute to the development and worsening of bunions by putting excessive pressure on the toes.
  • Foot Structure: Certain foot shapes or structural abnormalities may increase the likelihood of bunions.
  • Arthritis: Inflammatory joint conditions, such as arthritis, can contribute to bunion formation.
  • Occupational Factors: Jobs or activities that involve prolonged periods of standing or walking may contribute to bunion development.

   How can podiatrists help with Bunions?

  • Footwear Changes: Wearing comfortable, roomy shoes with a wide toe box can help alleviate pressure on the bunion and prevent further irritation.
  • Orthotics: Custom orthotic inserts may provide additional support and help redistribute pressure on the foot. This prevents the bunion getting worse.
  • Padding and Taping: Padding the bunion or using special taping techniques can reduce friction and irritation.
  • Physical Therapy: Exercises that strengthen and stretch the muscles around the big toe joint may be beneficial.

In severe cases where conservative measures are insufficient, surgical intervention may be considered to correct the deformity and realign the big toe joint.

If you have bunions, book in for a consultation today with My Podiatrist Canberra.