Cracked Heels (Fissures)

Cracked heels, also called fissures occur when the skin on the heels becomes excessively dry and loses its natural elasticity, leading to the development of small, sometimes deep, cracks or fissures. In severe cases, the cracks may bleed, and there is an increased risk of bacterial or fungal infections entering the skin.

What are the causes of cracked heels? 

  • Dry Skin: Lack of moisture is a primary cause. Dry climates, prolonged exposure to water, or inadequate foot care can contribute to dry skin on the heels.
  • Excessive Pressure: Increased pressure on the heels, often from prolonged standing or walking, can contribute to the development of heel fissures.
  • Obesity: Excess body weight can contribute to increased pressure on the heels, leading to cracks.
  • Open-Back Shoes: Wearing open-back shoes or sandals that do not provide proper support may expose the heels to friction and pressure, contributing to fissures.
  • Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions, including diabetes, psoriasis, and eczema, can affect skin health and contribute to heel fissures.

How do you treat and manage cracked heels at My Podiatrist Canberra?

  • Debridement: The removal of thickened, calloused skin and dead tissue. This process helps to promote healing and reduce the risk of complications. 
  • Moisturization: Regularly moisturising the feet, especially the heels, is crucial to prevent and manage heel fissures. Using  a urea based cream which can break down the keratin in callus is preferred. 
  • Exfoliation: Gently exfoliating the heels with a pumice stone or foot file can help remove dead skin, reducing the thickness of calloused areas.
  • Proper Footwear: Wearing supportive and well-fitting shoes, especially closed-back shoes, can help reduce pressure on the heels.

Don’t put up with painful heel cracks anymore, book into My Podiatrist Canberra today.

Cracked Heels (Fissures)
Cracked Heels (Fissures)