In-toeing, also known as pigeon-toeing, is a common condition where a child’s feet turn inward toward the midline of the body. This may involve the feet, knees, or both.

At My Podiatrist Canberra we approach in-toeing in children with a comprehensive understanding of lower limb anatomy, biomechanics, and developmental considerations. They aim to identify the underlying causes, provide appropriate interventions when needed, and guide parents in supporting the child’s healthy foot development. Early intervention and ongoing monitoring contribute to positive outcomes and overall foot health in children with in-toeing.

What are the causes of In-toeing?

Common causes 0f In-toeing include:

  • Metatarsus Adductus: A condition where the front part of the foot turns inward.
  • Tibial Torsion: Inward twisting of the shin bone.
  • Femoral Anteversion: The inward twisting of the thigh bone.

How is In-toeing treated:

  • Observation: In many cases, observation and regular follow-ups are sufficient, as most children naturally outgrow in-toeing without intervention.
  • Stretching Exercises: We may recommend stretching exercises or physical therapy to address muscle tightness or imbalances contributing to in-toeing.
  • Orthotics: Special orthotic inserts may be prescribed to support proper foot alignment and function
  • Corrective Footwear: In certain cases, specific types of shoes or braces may be recommended to encourage proper foot alignment during walking.

Will my child outgrow In-toeing, or is intervention necessary? 

Many children naturally outgrow in-toeing without intervention. However, if in-toeing persists or causes issues such as tripping or discomfort, a podiatrist can assess the situation and recommend appropriate measures.


Will in-toeing affect my child’s sports or physical activities? 

In many cases, in-toeing does not significantly impact a child’s ability to participate in sports or physical activities. If there are concerns, a podiatrist can provide guidance on how to support your child’s participation.

Are there signs that indicate I should seek immediate attention for my child’s in-toeing? 

If in-toeing is associated with severe pain, persistent tripping, or noticeable gait abnormalities, it’s advisable to seek prompt evaluation from a podiatrist. Early intervention can address potential issues more effectively.